What is terroir and what does it do for wine?‹ BACK
Terroir is a french word (terre) derived from the Latin (terratorium) and expresses a historical and cultural concept. The wine is deeply related to the place - the natural aspects of the terroir, but also to the people - wine experts choices.
The effect of these features reflects on the taste and quality of the wine.
Natural aspects of the terroir:
- type of soil
- form of the land - flat, hilly, mountainous
- proximity to the lakes, rivers or sea
- exposition - which direction the vineyard faces
- climate - seasonal variation, temperatures, rainfall etc
- amount of sunlight - daily and seasonal variation
- change in temperature from day to night
- altitude about sea level
- amount of wind
The concept of terroir is also tied to choices that the wine expert makes:
- choice of grape variety
- vine planting and growing methods
- methods of vine pruning, fertilizing, etc
- time of harvest
- way the grapes are made into wine: type of container for fermentation, time left with the skins during fermentation, time on the lees after fermentation, temperature controls etc.
- time, container and methods for aging